नाक्षरं मंत्ररहितम् न मूलं नौषधिम्।
अयोग्य पुरुषं नास्ति योजकस्तत्र दुर्लभः॥
There is no letter in sanskrit that does not appear in a hymn. No root of a plant that can not be used as medicine. Likewise, there is no useless person. There are only no managers who can use them efficiently.
सामान्यमेतत् पशुभिर्नराणाम् ।
धर्मो हि तेषाम् अधिकोविशेषो
धर्मेण हीनाः पशुभिः समानाः ॥
Food, sleep, fear and reproduction is what is common among animals and humans. It is "Dharma" [code of living] that separates us from animals. Without Dharma men
as same as animals.
सत्यस्य वचनं श्रेयः सत्यादपि हितंवदेत् ।
यद् भूतहितमत्यन्तं एतत् सत्यम् मतं मम ॥
Telling truth is the noble thing. It is also more important to be nice to people. According to me, that which pleases the most is the truth.
न राज्यं न राजोऽसीत् न दण्डयो न दण्डिकः ।
धर्मेणैव प्रजास्सर्वा रक्षन्ति स्म परस्परम् ॥
No state, No King, No Judge and No criminal would exist(none would be required) if every body lived by Dharma [ideal code of living ]. People would protect each other.
अपि स्वर्णमयी लंका न मे शोचति लक्ष्मण ।
जननीः जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरियसि ॥
- श्री राम
Even though Lanka is the golden land, it does not allure me. Being close to mother and motherland is better than heaven.
- Sri Rama, after killing Ravana in the battle.
मरणान्तानि वैराणि निवृत्तं नः प्रयोजनम् ।
क्रीयतामस्य संस्कारो ममापेष्य यथा तव ॥
- श्री राम
With death ends the enmity. There is no use perusing it. Please do the funeral arrangements for him (Ravana) as if he was our close relative.
- Sri Rama, after killing Ravana in the battle.
काव्यशास्त्रविनोदेन कालो गच्छति धीमताम् ।
व्यसनेन च मूर्खाणां निद्राय कलहेन वा ॥
A wise man spends his time in studying literature and philosophy and in being happy. In comparison a fool spends his time in sleep, fights and in some form of evil passion.
तैलाद् रक्षेत् जलाद् रक्षेत् रक्षेत् शिथिल बंधनात् ।
मूर्खस्य हस्ते न दातव्यं एवं वदति पुस्तकम् ॥
A book requests to protect it from oil, water and loose binding. It also pleads not to hand it over a fool!
श्रोत्रं श्रुतेनैव न कुण्डलेन दानेन पाणिर्न तु कंकणेन ।
विभाति कायः करुणापराणां परोपकारैन तु चन्दनेन ॥
A ear assumes importance by hearing not by earrings, hand by donation not by bangles. Likewise, the body gets its importance only when used for helping others and compassion towards others - not by applying sandal paste.
उदारस्य तृणं वित्तं शूरस्य मरणं तृणं ।
विरक्तस्य तृणं भार्या निस्पृहस्य तृणं जगत् ॥
A generous person does not worry about losing wealth. A brave (soldier) does not worry about dying. A person who accepts "sanyas" does not bother about family (wife). A detached person does not worry about the world. It is this detached state of mind that is referred to as "NIRVANA"
विद्वत्वं च नृपत्वं च नैव तुल्यं कदाचन ।
स्वदेशे पूज्यते राजा विद्वान् सर्वत्र पूज्यते ॥
There is no comparison between being a scholar or being a king. King is respected in his state. While a scholar is respected world wide.
दुर्जनेन समं सख्यं प्रीतिं चापि न कारयेत् ।
उष्णो दहति चाङ्गारः शीतः कृष्णायते करम् ॥
Love and friendship with wicked people must be avoided always. When hot, it will burn you like coal and when cold it will blacken the hand (frost bite).
चिन्तनीया हि विपदां आदावेव प्रतिक्रिया ।
न कूपखननं युक्तं प्रदीप्ते वह्निना गृहे ॥
We must be prepared for calamities always an be ready with solutions. It is not wise to start digging the well when the house is on fire.
एकं विषरसं हन्ति शस्त्रेणैकश्च वध्यते ।
सराष्ट्रं सप्रजं हन्ति राजानं मंत्रविप्लवः ॥
By poison or by a weapon you can kill only one. But when a king handles matter chaotically the kingdom along with the people die.
आदित्यस्य नमस्कारं ये कुर्वन्ति दिने दिने ।
जन्मान्तरसहस्त्रेषु दारिद्रयं नोपजायते ॥
Those who do "Suryanamaskara" exercise every day, day after day, there can not be poverty in their life for ever. The importance of waking up early and not wasting time sleeping is being explained in a theological sense.
ज्येष्ठत्वं जन्मना नैव गुणैर्ज्येष्ठत्वमुचते ।
गुणात् गुरुत्वमायाति दुग्धं दधि घृतम् क्रमात् ॥
Importance (seniority) comes not by age but by good qualities. Just like ghee is better than curds which is better than milk even though milk came first.
उद्यमेन हि सिध्यन्ति कार्याणि न मनोरथैः ।
न हि सुप्तस्य सिंहस्य प्रविशन्ति मुखे मृगाः ॥
A job gets done only by hard-work not by wishing. Even the Lion has to hunt for food... The prey will not enter the mouth of a sleeping lion.
स्थानभ्रष्टाः न शोभते दन्ताः केशा नखा नराः ।
इति विज्ञाय मतिमान् स्वस्थानं न परित्यजेत् ॥
If you mis-place teeth, hair or nails form one part of the body to another, the body does not look good (hedious indeed). Similar is the case with society. Those wise men who know this stick to their role and never leave it. This was the idea with the original "chaturvarna" 4 caste system where each person did what was his role (best suited) in the society. Problem came when this role was assigned to him based on birth and not ability.
उदये सविता रक्तो रक्तश्चास्तमये तथा ।
सम्पत्तो च विपत्तो च महतामेकरूपता ॥
The Sun looks alike while rising and setting - blood red. Great people maintain their composure both when among riches or in poverty.
शान्तितुल्यं तपो नास्ति तेषान्न परमं सुखम् ।
नास्ति तृष्णापरो व्याधिर्न च धर्मो दयापरः ॥
There is no better penance than to attain inner peace. There is no better satisfaction when you attain (inner peace). There is no disease than greed and no "Dharma" than to forgive and be merciful. Dharma is the moral code of life.
सर्वोपनिषदो गावः दोग्धा गोपालनंदनः ।
पार्थो वत्सः सुधीः भोक्ता दुग्धं गीतामृतं महत् ॥
All Upanishads (holy ancient, prehistoric sacred hindu writings) are like cows that are milked by Lord Sri Krishna. Arjuna is like a little intelligent boy who drinks the milk given by Krishna in the form of Geeta (The Bhagavatgeeta). It is believed that the concise Geetha contains all the wisdon in all Upanishads.
हंसः श्वेतो बकः श्वेतो को भेदो बकहंसयोः ।
नीरक्षीरविवेके हंसः हंसः बकः बकः ॥
Swan is white. So is a Crane. A swan is known for its grace, intelligence and ability to separate milk from water (good from the sinister). External appearance may be same. But what differentiates them is that unique talent.
अहं च त्वं च राजेन्द्र लोकनाथोवुभावपि ॥
बहुर्व्रीहिरहं राजन् षष्ठीतत्पुरुषो भवान् ॥
Me and you (the king) can both be called Lokanatha. I am the one whose guardian are the people and hence a Lokanatha. On the other hand, you are the guardian of the people and hence Lokanatha.
In Bahurvrihi samasa : लोकः यस्य नाथः स लोकनाथः
In ShashTitatpuruSha rule: यो लोकस्य नाथः स लोकनाथः
सुलभाः पुरुषाः राजन् सततं प्रियवादिनः ।
अप्रियस्य च पथ्यस्य वक्ता श्रोता च दुर्लभः ॥
It is very easy to find a person who always talks sweet and pleasant. It is very hard to find one who can speak tough (truth) and salty (not sweet but truth). It is equally hard to find a person that listens to one too.
दुर्जनः प्रियवादीति नैतद् विश्वासकारणम् ।
मधुतिष्टति जिह्वाग्रे हृदये तु हालाहलम् ॥
A wicked man speaking sweetly is never worthy of trust. There is honey on the tip of the tongue (in the way he speaks). But there is poison in his heart (in the way he thinks).
सर्पदुर्जनोर्मध्ये वरं सर्पो न दुर्जनः ।
सर्पः दंशति कालेन दुर्जनस्तु पदे पदे ॥
Between a wicked man and a venomous snake, the
snake is better. Since a snake bites occasionally while
a wicked man inflicts pain at every step.
वरं एको गुणी पुत्रो न च मूर्खशतान्यपि ।
एकश्चंद्रस्तमो हन्ति न च तारागणोपि च ॥
It is better to have one son with all good qualities than have a hundred of them who are stupid. Just like it is one moon that lights up the night and not the entire constellations of stars put together.
न चोरहार्य न राजहार्य न भ्रतृभाज्यं न च भारकारि ।
व्यये कृते वर्धति एव नित्यं विद्याधनं सर्वधनप्रधानम् ॥
The wealth of knowledge can not be stolen by thieves, nor can be confiscated by a king, need not be split among brothers (unlike the fathers material wealth). Neither is it a burden. It increases when spent daily. Hence the wealth of knowledge is the best wealth of all.
यथा हि मलिनैः वस्त्रैः यत्र कुत्र उपविष्यते ।
वृततः चलितोपि एवं शेषं वृतं न रक्षति ॥
Just like a person with soiled clothes does not mind sitting anywhere, a person who has lost his virtue (for the first time) does not mind to protect what ever virtue that is left.
न देवा दण्डमादाय रक्षन्ति पषुपालवत् ।
यं तु रक्षितुमिच्छन्ति बुद्ध्या संविभजन्ति तम् ॥
Lord Shiva's (Pashupala) style is not to take weapon into his own hand to protect his worshipers. He simple gives enough intellect to those he wishes to protect.