अभिमानो धनंयेषां चिरजीवन्ति ते जनाः ।
अभिमानविहीनानां किं धनेन किमायुषा ॥
Those with lot of self respect and wealth naturally live longer. But without self-respect, what is the use of wealth or longevity?
नास्ति विद्या समं चक्षु नास्ति सत्य समं तपः ।
नास्ति राग समं दुःखम् नास्ति त्याग समं सुखम् ॥
There is no (power of) vision like education.
There is no penance as the the owe of truth.
There is no pain as that caused by desire.
There is no act that gives more happiness than sacrifice.
त्यजन्ति मित्राणि धनैर्विहीनं
पुत्राश्च दाराश्च सहृज्जनाश्च ।
अर्थो हि लोके मनुष्यस्य बन्धुः ॥
Friends, children, wife and all (so called) well wishers abandon a person with out money. They all come back to him once he becomes wealthy again.
यस्तु सञ्चरते देशान् सेवते यस्तु पण्डितान् ।
तस्य विस्तारिता बुद्धिस्तैलबिन्दुरिवाम्भसि ॥
If a person travels different countries and serves (works under one as an apprentice) scholars, then his intellect will expand just like a oil drop on a watery surface.
कुसुमं वर्णसंपन्नगन्धहीनं न शोभते ।
न शोभते क्रियाहीनं मधुरं वचनं तथा ॥
It is not of much use if a colourful flower does not have any scent. Similarly, it is not much use if you do not execute any plans and just talk about them.
उत्साहो बलवानार्य नास्त्युत्साहात्परं बलम् ।
सोत्साहस्य च लोकेषु न किंचिदपि दुर्लभम् ॥
Person with enthusiasm is a powerful one. There is no power equal to will power. For a man with enthusiasm and will power there is nothing that is difficult.
यस्य नास्ति स्वयं प्रज्ञा शात्र तस्य करोति किम् ।
लोचनाभ्यां विहीनस्य दर्पणः किं करिष्यसि ॥
What good is lot of education for a person can not think himself (one who does not have independant thought). Just like what good is a mirror for a person without eyes.
विषादप्यमृतं ग्राह्यं बालादपि सुभाशितं ।
अमित्रादपि सद्दृत्तं अमेध्यादपि काञ्चनम् ॥
We should we ready to accept good things no matter where they come from. Nectar from poison, a wise saying froma little boy, a good quality from an enemy or gold from garbage.
व्यायामात् लभते स्वास्थ्यं दीर्घायुष्यं बलं सुखम् ।
आरोग्यं परमं भाग्यं स्वास्थ्यं सर्वार्थसाधनम् ॥
Regular exercise gives you good health, longevity, strength and happiness. Health is the biggest wealth. It is the key to every success.
पिण्डे पिण्डे मतिर्भिन्ना कुण्डे कुण्डे नवं पयः ।
जातौ जातौ नवाचाराः नव वानी मुखे मुखे ॥
Every body is Unique. No two people have the same mind. Water from no two ponds taste alike. No two cultures have same customs. No two people speak (accent) alike. Once you realise this, you shall be more tolerable to opinions that differ from yours.
नरस्य आभरणं रूपं रूपस्य आभरणं गुणः ।
गुणस्य आभरणं ज्ञानं ज्ञानस्य आभरणं क्षमा ॥
Good looks decorate any body. One with good looks can be further decorated (bettered) with good qualities (virtue). A virtuous person can be decorated with knowledge. A person that has all of them can still better himself by learning to forgive.
अपूर्वः कोपि कोशोयं विद्यते तव भरति ।
व्ययतो वृद्धिम् आयति क्षयम् आयति संचयात् ॥
Treasure of knowledge a person is very unlike other treasures. This increases when spent (given to others) and decreases when protected (held to oneself).
एकं सद् विप्राः बहुदा वदन्ति ।
अग्निं यमं मातरिश्वानं आहुः ॥
There is ONE truth about GOD that is told by sages in different ways. Some call it fire, or death or wind...
चन्दनं शीतलं लोके चन्दनादपि चन्द्रमाः ।
चन्द्रचन्दनयोर्मध्ये शीतला साधुसंगतः ॥
No doubt sandal wood paste is pleasant. But more pleasant is the moonlight. But association with a virtuous person is more pleasant than both of them.
कर्तव्यं आचरं कामम् अकर्तव्यं अनाचरम् ।
तिष्ठति प्राकृताचारो य सः आर्य इति स्मृतः ॥
He who does things according to custom as laid out by the "many", he who does not do anything that should not be done, He who stands by the natural customs is known as a "Arya".
परो अपि हितवान् बन्धुः बन्धुः अपि अहितः परः ।
अहितः देहजः व्याधिः हितम् आरण्यं औषधम् ॥
A stranger who helps is to be treated like family. A family member who hurts is to be considered a stranger. Just like a disease inside a body hurts but a medicinal herb grown in a forest soothes the pain.
परस्परविरोधे तु वयं पञ्चश्चते शतम् ।
परैस्तु विग्रहे प्राप्ते वयं पञ्चाधिकं शतम् ॥
When there is fighting among ourselves, we are five (pandavas) and they are a hundred (kauravas). But when the threat comes from outside, we are hundred and five all on one side.
व्यसने मित्रपरीक्षा शूरपरीक्षा रणाङ्गणे भवति ।
विनये भृत्यपरीक्षा दानपरीक्षाच दुर्भिक्षे ॥
A friend is tested in bad times, a warrior in the battle field. A butler is tested by his humility and pleasantness. The best test of charity is when it is done during famine.
राजा राष्ट्रकृतं पापं राज्ञः पापं पुरोहितः ।
भर्ता च स्त्रीकृतं पापं शिष्यपापं गुरुः तथा ॥
A king is culpable for sins committed by the nation. The adviser to the king is culpable of sins committed by the king. Husband is responsible for his wife's sins. A teacher is responsible for the sins of the pupil.
पुस्तकस्था तु या विद्या परहस्तगतं धनम् ।
कार्यकाले समुत्पन्ने न सा विद्या न तद् धनम् ॥
Knowledge locked up in a book, and money lent to others are both useless because they can not be summoned when they the need arises.
अधमाः धनमिच्छन्ति धनं मानं च मध्यमाः ।
उत्तमाः मानमिच्छन्ति मानो हि महताम् धनम् ॥
Rogues crave only for money, not honour. An average man makes effort to get money and some honour. But the virtuous people always try to earn honour, not money. Honour is much more important than money.
ये च मूढतमाः लोके ये च बुद्धेः परं गताः ।
ते एव सुखम् एधन्ते मध्यमः क्लिश्यते जनः ॥
People who are dumb and those who are extremely intelligent are the only two kinds of people that are happy in this world. The dumb are ignorant of the problems they face, and the intelligent know how to get out of the troubles... the people in between suffer from by cognizance of the problem and not knowing the solution.
अतितृष्णा न कर्तव्या तृष्णाम् नैव परित्यजेत् ।
शनैः शनैश्च भोक्तव्यं स्वयं वित्तमुपार्जितम् ॥
Extreme indulgence should be avoided. Similarly extreme austerity too. Self earned wealth should be spent slowly and judiciously.
वृथा वृष्टिः समुद्रेषु वृथा तृप्तेषु भोजनम्।
वृथा दानं धनाद्येषु वृथा दीपो दिवापि च ॥
Rain on the seas, food given to the satisfied, charity given to the rich and lamp lighted in the day are all waste.
पिबन्ति नद्यः स्वयम् एव न अम्भः
स्वयं न खादन्ति फलानि वृक्षाः ।
न अदन्ति स्वयम् खलु वारिवाहा
परोपकाराय सतां विभूतयः ॥
River never drinks its own water. A tree does not eat its own fruits. Coulds do not consume the crops on which they shower. Good people always use their power to help others.
क्रोधो वैवस्वतो राजा तृष्णा वैतराणी नदी ।
विद्या कामदुधा धेनुः सन्तोषो नन्दनं वनम् ॥
Anger is the king of the kingdom of death. Desire reigns in hell. Knowledge is like the divine cow that gives you everything. To be happy is to be in paradise.
लोभमूलनि पापानि संकटानि तथैव च ।
लोभात्प्रवर्तते वैरं अतिलोभात्विनश्यति ॥
Greed breeds all sin, all calamities (man-made). Greed creates enemies. Excessive greed completely destroys.
धैर्य यस्य पिता क्षमा च जननी शान्तिः चिरं गेहिणी
सत्यं सूनुः अयं दया च भागिनी भ्राता मनःसंयमः ।
शय्या भूमितलं दिशः अपि वसनं ज्ञानामृतं भोजनम्
एते यस्य कुटिम्बिनः वद् सखे कस्माद् भयं योगिनः ॥
Whose father is Courage, forgiveness is the mother, peace being the wife, truth being the son, compassion being sister, balance of mind being the brother - He who sleeps on the ground (does not crave for luxury), he for whom the directions are the clothes (does not care for attire), he who has the best knowledge for food - He who has the above for friend and family, why should he worry about problems ?
महाजनस्य संसर्गः कस्य नोन्नतिकारकः ।
पद्मपत्रस्तिथं तोयं धृते मुक्ताफलश्रियम् ॥
Being associated with great people does better everybody. Just like how a mere drop of water when on a lotus-leaf assumes the appearance that of a pearl.
मूर्खो न हि ददाति अर्थ नरो दारिद्रयशङ्कया ।
प्राज्ञाः तु वितरति अर्थ नरो दारिद्रयशङ्कया ॥
A fool does not do charity for the fear of himself becoming poor(by losing the wealth). A wise man does charity exactly for the same fear that he may become poor if he did not do charity now.